Lack of adherence to prescribed medication regimens results in, not surprisingly, poorer health outcomes and increased healthcare costs. A meta-analysis of 24 primary studies that included more than 18,000 patients focused on the overall effectiveness of interventions designed to improve medication adherence among adults with coronary artery disease. It turned out the most effective interventions 1) used nurses as interventionists, 2) initiated interventions in the inpatient setting, and 3) informed providers of patients’ medication adherence behaviors. Of interest – the interventions were equally effective regardless of number of intervention sessions, targeting adherence behavior alone or with other behaviors, and the use of written instructions. Adherence interventions were found to be more effective among older patients than among younger patients.
Source: Chase JD et al. The Effectiveness of Medication Adherence interventions among patients with coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2015; April 29. Abstract. (Epub ahead of print)